Sharanagati

Collected words from talks of Swami Tirtha




(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 10.05.2017 pm, Sofia) 

(continues from the previous Friday)

“There are two kinds of knowers of the field — one is the living entity, as explained above, and the other one is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is explained as follows. He is the all-pervading cause of creation. He is full in Himself and is not dependent on others. He is perceived by hearing and direct perception. He is self-effulgent and does not experience birth, death, old age or disease. He is the controller of all the demigods, beginning with Lord Brahma. He is called Narayana, and He is the shelter of living entities after the annihilation of this material world. He is full of all opulences, and He is the resting place of everything material. He is therefore known as Vasudeva, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. By His own potency, He is present within the hearts of all living entities, just as the air or vital force is within the bodies of all beings, moving and nonmoving. In this way He controls the body. In His partial feature, the Supreme Personality of Godhead enters all bodies and controls them.“[1]

So, the body is a field – the field of action. And there are two actors there. One is a real actor and the other is an observer. In a very beautiful verse in the Upanishads it is said that there are two birds on a tree. The body is compared to a tree and the heart is compared to the main branch of the tree. And the small bird, the individual soul, lives in the heart. When you want to say ‘I am’, you don’t touch your forehead, but your bossom: ‘I am here!’. Right, so this is your place. Because the heart is the main branch, this is where you live inside this body. But there you are not alone. Somebody else is there also – the divine presence is also there. He is the observer bird, another bird.

The you-bird is a little dull, stupid. But the other bird is all-wise – observing all your actions, knowing your future, knowing your past and giving you directions accordingly. The small bird is the atman, the great bird is the param-atman, The Great Soul. Or antaryami – your inner guide. It’s so nice – you are never alone, you have your inner guide!

If you love somebody, where do you put that person? Into your pocket? Into your thoughts? Or into your heart? Where is the best place to capture a person? I think we all agree – this is the heart. So, let’s develop attachment to somebody who is already there in your heart – and this is the presence of the Supreme. Because through an affectionate relationship to this supreme presence in your heart you will hear the message more properly. In this way you can more easily relate to this superior knower of your past, present and future.

And here  are mentioned some aspects and some features of the Supreme – like all-pervading, the cause of creation, self-effulgent, standing by itself. Very difficult to describe. Because how can you describe the all-in-all? That is so much beyond human understanding and imagination. We are limited, so how can we capture the unlimited? But fortunately enough the unlimited is not limited and can show Himself to the limited. Correct? Maybe I am limited, but He is not. And He can reveal whatever He wants. Therefore we pray: “Oh, my Lord, please, remove this effulgence! I want to see You face to face. I am blinded by Your effulgence. Please, show me Yourself as You are!” This is called enlightenment – when you see, when you perceive the presence of the Supreme in this way.

Question of Krishna Priya: You said that the soul is acting and the Supersoul is observing. I was thinking that actually the soul can also observe the dealings of the false ego incited by the gunas and through this observation gaining this experience like Jada Bharata in this story.

Swami Tirtha: It is possible.

Question: Then why do you say that the soul is stupid as she is sat-cit-ananda?

Swami Tirtha: All right, it’s not stupid, but a little stupid. Why, why, why? Because she wants to enjoy the fruits of the tree. And she thinks: ‘Oh, I can manage without this observer, I don’t pay too much attention on Him. Here are the fruits, so what is the need of such a guide? I can do it by myself.” This is called a distorted consciousness – much too focused on the external objects without considering the divine secrets. But it is said: until you try to pick the fruits of the tree, which are mixed – some are sweet, some are bitter, the third type is bitter-sweet – that is the action-reaction platform: karma, results, gunas, etc. etc. But as soon as this individual soul turns her attention to the inner guide, then all the misery is gone. So, until you don’t have this loving and living connection to your inner guide, you are a little stupid. Although if your consciousness is originally purified, all the spiritual qualities are revealed. They’re there. So we don’t need to add anything, we only have to remove what is blocking us from divine vision.

 

(to be continued)

[1] Shrimad Bhagavatam, 5.11.13-14



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