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Extra English Issues issues

(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 23.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

Let’s quote finally who is the best disciple.

Krita-shrama is such a person who makes real serious efforts, shrama, for accomplishment of the divine knowledge. We have to make all the efforts possible. And krita here means the proper spiritual activities. So not simply activities, but dedicated activities for attaining the divine knowledge.

And a good disciple is able to learn. One expression here is tripathin. That means he is able to remember anything if it is repeated three times. I have met some devotees who have this photographic memory. Whatever they have heard, immediately they fully memorize. We had one devotee, he had this ability. It was not necessary to repeat three times; once! Immediately everything was perfectly stuck in his mind. And he made notes; although he had this type of memory, he made notes. Once I had seen his notebook. He had all the quotes, word-by-word, and practically all the quotes were marked with an asterisk and the footnotes were “close to the original”. It was word-by-word, but his opinion was “close to the original”.

So tripathin – he will remember everything if it is repeated three times. Harer-nama harer-nama harer-namaiva kevalam – three times it is mentioned, please remember that through the holy name we can achieve perfection!

And how many things we had repeated three times?! For example, you have repeated your efforts to enjoy the material life not only three, but thirty-three times. Please remember all the failures. Don’t rush to the same trap again and again, because then you are not tripathin, but thirty-three-pathin.

But now comes something very nice – this is bhala-darshin. Darshana is ‘a view, a vision’. And bhala is ‘forehead’. So a real disciple is bhala-darshin. Of course he is not looking into the mirror, observing his or her own forehead. But then whose forehead a real disciple is trying to read? A real disciple tries to read the forehead of the master. And as we know, our fate is written on our forehead. We only need to gain the ability to read that. So if we can read from the forehead of our master, then we are really darshin, really visionaries. But many times on the foreheads you see only the wrinkles.

Other expression is bhava-darshin – the reader of the feelings or the visionary of the feelings. Just remember Mahaprabhu’s devotees who were able to read the feeling, the mentality of their beloved Mahaprabhu, and quote the shastras accordingly. If Mahaprabhu was a little depressed due to separation, then they were quoting verses to enthuse Him, to make Him happy. And when Mahaprabhu was overdosed with prema-bhakti, then they started to quote verses to compose Him: “Don’t jump so high!”

But you see, bhava-darshin… Simply to be a visionary is enough. Tattva-darshin is a visionary of the truth. So to be a visionary – it’s enough, it’s a kind of perfection. But to be a bhava-darshin, to be able to read the spiritual mood of another person, of a superior person – this is our real perfection. This is our ambition. That is a hunger – to be able to read the minds and feelings of the great ones.

Everything is a question of rasa, don’t forget. So how can we read the rasa of a pure devotee if we are not on that platform? Our ideal heroes are always tasting the Radha-Govinda lila. This is what we have to read from their forehead. This is what we have to read from their hearts.

So if we want to improve our status as a disciple, here is some foodstuff for the mind. From a half-shlokin to become a bhava-reader.

This is our way to improve our consciousness of eternity. And then to be ready for any kind of service any time. Last but not least, we can add Gurudev’s expectation to a disciple: that we should be ready for any service at any time. And he didn’t like the but-acharyas.

So please, with all my humility I try to ask you and impress you to improve your devotional qualities, to have this eagerness! And to improve our devotional and disciplic qualities – what is the best way? I think the best way is to meditate over our divine masters. Because maybe then their quality will come to us.



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 23.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

But who is a so to say bad disciple? Of course there is no bad disciple. Because if we express our readiness to learn and study, then it is only good. Nevertheless if we are still not accomplished fully, if we still have some shortcomings, then we should study what are these shortcomings.

One expression here is akshetra. Kshetra means ‘a field, to cultivate’ and akshetra means ‘a bad field, not useful for cultivation’. Scatter good seeds on the field – then you will reap the harvest. So we have to be a good field. If we are akshetra, if we are a bad field, then even if the best seed is coming to us, we cannot produce a good fruit. It’s useless for cultivation.

Adravya is again ‘useless’ or ‘unfit’. Dravya is generally the nature of something. Like the original characteristics. Or something to be sacrificed, to be dedicated to the Supreme as an offering. While adravya is something that is not useful in sacrifice.

And if before we had this vrata-acharya, then here is kshata-vrata. Kshata, very similar to kshatriya – that means ‘wounded in the vratas, in the vows’, so he gives up or breaks the vows.

Before it was mentioned that a good disciple, a good shishya is eager, is hungry for knowledge. But here is another expression: odana. Odana is ‘food, foodstuff’. But if we use it in a compound then odana-shishya is such a disciple, who is interested only in eating. Not in learning, only in eating. These are the belly-bhaktas. If the belly is full, then we are satisfied, right? These are the basic bodily instincts.

Fortunately enough our dear Lord also likes to eat. And devotees offer so much to Him that He cannot take everything, so He left something for us also, so that we are also peaceful and satisfied. So, odana-shishya means very much eager to eat. In Bulgarian if you localize it, this is the banitza[1]shishya.

But if we take it in a positive sense – we are hungry for prasadam! Because that is the higher taste! Definitely we depend on this higher taste, because it satisfies not only the body, but it satisfies the soul.

And if we are hungry for banitza or for knowledge, and if we protect and cultivate the divine knowledge, that also means you know the shlokas. It’s a must to learn some verses from the shastra. Yes, however surprised you are! It is a part of the process. But you know it is mentioned in connection with the Gita that if somebody knows all the 700 verses – I think we discussed it many times – liberation, prema-bhakti is guaranteed. If you don’t know all the 700, only one chapter from the eighteen chapters – then full perfection is guarantied. If you don’t know one chapter, if you know at least one verse – full perfection is guaranteed. But if you cannot learn one verse, at least you should know half a verse. And this is the special category of a disciple: shastra-ganda – such a disciple who knows only the beginning of the verses. So, half-shloka-shishya. And actually this is another proof that the Hungarians do come from the banks of the Ganges that we have such an expression that if somebody is a little lunatic, we say that he is half-shloka. So if he is a little stupid, he is only a half-shloka.

All right, I don’t want to torture you further, so let’s quote finally the best disciples.

 

(to be continued)

[1] Typical Bulgarian preparation



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 23.06.2017 evening, Sofia) 

Do you agree to give some tattva – to discuss a little bit about a devotee, or a disciple? You know in Sanskrit they have thousands of names for all the different expressions. And if we put the question ‘Who is a disciple’, then there are many different aspects of this topic.

One answer is shishya. ‘To be taught’ – this is the meaning of shishya. But if we want to find synonyms of shishya, then we shall learn also something.

One is adhyaya. Adhyaya means ‘to arrive’. A real disciple is one who arrives – for example to knowledge – that is vedadhyaya, somebody who arrives to divine knowledge.

The other expression is arbha – ‘small one’. Like a child. A child is very charming. All the mistakes and all the faults of a child are charming. If you are two years old and you make mistakes, everybody is happy about that. If you are twenty years old and you make the same mistakes – there is not so much happiness around you. So arbha means the small one; everybody loves the small ones, irrespective of their mistakes and shortcomings.

And who is the supreme fan of a child? It’s the father! This is like an archetype role – to be a father, to have these fatherly feelings, fatherly love, which is sometimes a little strict and heavy, but it’s love, affection. And in order to show this fatherly affection we need a small one; without a small one we cannot show our feelings. Because the attitude of a real disciple is always like a small one: ‘Ah, I’m a neophyte, I’m young. I need your attention.’ So this purity, this innocence a real disciple must possess. As soon as it is missing you cannot fulfill.

Then the next one is cheta or chela – this is like ‘a servant’. Chela – there is one very bitter expression where it is used very often: kali-chela – that means ‘a servant of Kali’. So, a materially-minded person is a kali-chela, servant of illusion, servant of the age of Kali.

But then another one is chatra – ‘to possess an umbrella, equipped with an umbrella’. This is something important, because an umbrella is for protection, it’s obvious. Good for rain, good for sun. That means – good for happy experience and for bitter experience, the ups and downs of life. And a real disciple enjoys the protective shield, the protective umbrella of the master. So chatra means to be under protection.

And if you are under protection, you are also pattalika – that means ‘the knower of the secrets’. Because this is an intimate connection. To enjoy the protection, to enjoy the attention of a superior, to be a small one – that means you are in possession of some secrets. But how to understand some secrets? Theoretically we cannot come closer to secrets. Only by experience we can come closer to secrets. Only by learning we can come closer to secrets.

Therefore the next expression for a student is patha-shalin – that means ‘attending a school’. So study, learn and then you will know the secrets. Patha means ‘to read, study’; and shala is like ‘a room, a hall’. So, in which hall the study of the Vedas is done, this is a place for a student.

And if you study, sooner or later some knowledge will come to you, right? Knowledge is vidya. Vidya-anupalin – pala is ‘to protect’, anupala – ‘to fully protect’; to protect knowledge – this is another expression for the shishya. So, he does not only gains the knowledge and the secrets, but also cultivates, preserves – this is our duty to continue.

And not only to protect – like palana-shakti, protective power – but also to serve, so vidya-anusevin is another expression for disciple. Vidya-anu-seva – to fully serve and follow the divine knowledge. And here serving means to follow, serving means to cultivate, serving means to appreciate the divine knowledge.

Vrata-acharya is the next one. You know what is vrata – ‘vow’. And achar is ‘practice, practical application’. So those who follow their vows, vrata, they are real shishyas. If we possess this obedience of the innocent ones, then we are vrata-acharyas; otherwise when we pose as knowledgeable, we are ‘but’-acharyas. “Yes, Gurudev, but…” – this is the ‘but’-acharya. And in this way we are floating into the opposite waves of disciples. Because so far we discussed who is a good disciple. Now let’s become more realistic – what about the bad disciple? You have heard so many rumors about the bad gurus, right? Now let’s discuss an even sweeter topic – the bad disciple.

(to be continued)



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 23.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

Here we are in a closed circle. Although this time Shripad Kripadham Prabhu assured me that for this evening there is no engagement for me, nevertheless I cannot resist the attractive power of the devotional sangha here. You know tomorrow we shall have an official lecture in some very important and very strict meeting. But who knows if we shall live tomorrow. So better to chant today than to think of tomorrow. What if we die? We have lost the chance for tomorrow, and for today also.

We have only two chances to solve this problem. One is to live for the moment. And you don’t mind your past and you don’t mind your future. It’s very popular these days: ‘Just be there, be present. Live for the day.’ I never understood why this message is so popular. Nevertheless if you focus your attention on the present moment, you lose your interest and your too much obsession with your past and with your future.

So this is one solution. But it is like losing your attention. The other solution is you develop your eternal consciousness, you start to live in eternity. Then again there is no past and no future. But do you see the difference between the two solutions? In the first solution you will have only one moment, the present moment – which is immediately gone as soon as you think of it. While if you develop your consciousness of eternity, you will gain everything. I think this is not a loss, this is a gain.

And in eternity to sit today here in the temple or to give a lecture tomorrow – it’s the same. There’s no difference. So, my humble suggestion is to develop our consciousness of eternity. Because it doesn’t matter how many different little isolated moments you put together, you will never achieve eternity. Eternity is not made up of small moments. It’s a different dimension. Better we jump to that level of reality – however unreal it seems to be and however real these limited and suffering experiences look like. Better we improve our vision.

It is also said in Brahma Samhita[1] that over there in Shvetadvip, which is the divine realm, the soil is made up of precious stones, every step is a dance, every drop of water is nectar, and the flute is the best friend. And there is no material time – only the never-ending perfect moment of eternity. This vision we have to develop. This is our perfection. Many people search for their own individual perfection. But what is our moksha? Our moksha is to re-establish our spiritual original position of the soul. Which is not a lecturer, which is not a business-lady or whatever, but this is an ecstatic loving servant of the Divine Couple.

From a dull person to make a clever one is a question of education. To turn an intelligent person into a wise person – this is a duty of life, life will teach. To turn a wise person into a faithful person – this is a question of religion. And to turn a faithful follower of religion into an ecstatic lover of God – this is a duty of Mahaprabhu.

So, what is our level? Am I stupid? Am I intelligent? Am I faithful or ecstatic? It doesn’t matter, start your education today. Either education, or life, or religion, or Mahaprabhu will help us in this progressive path of spiritual development.

[1] Brahma Samhita 5.56



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 20.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

Question of Tejasvini: Gurudev, you were explaining to us the name of Krishna. But can we hear about the name of Radharani?

Swami Tirtha: All right! So, krish-na – these are two syllables; ra-dha – two syllables. What was the result of Krishna’s ‘ra’? That was the maintenance and protection; it was connected to Vishnu and the knowledge of the Vedas. So what is the conclusion of the Vedas? The Vedas and the Puranas and Ramayana and everything from the beginning, in the middle and in the end actually glorify the Supreme Lord – this is the topic. And the essence of this glorification is divine service.

So, the first part of Radhika’s name, ‘ra’ means that simply by pronouncing this sound – devotion, bhakti, and liberation, mukti, will become your gifts. “Ra!” – I think it’s enough! Is any other sound necessary? Liberation and devotion – what else is there?!?

Dha’ is also there; what is the meaning of ‘dha’? Ra-dha. If you add ‘dha’ at the end, you will reach Lord Hari’s kingdom. Ra-dha – you will be liberated, you will be devotional and you will reach the divine destination.

So if you say ‘Radha’, that means you achieve your final destination and if you say ‘Krishna’, that means the happiness of existence, the bliss of existence. Radha-Krishna prana mora yugala- kishora/ jivane marane gati aro nahi mora[1] – “Whether I live or die, Radha and Krishna, You are my treasure, You are my life.”

Therefore please, go on chanting Their names. Radhika and Govinda can help us, we can also worship Them. I think this is what we have learned during these last days: start from yoga, continue with bhakti and ultimately reach prema, divine love.

For all those who are present, for those who are not present already and for all those who are going to come, the divine plans are most probably ready. Worship has started before we joined; now we are included in this service; and probably worship will continue after we pass away. Therefore simply we only have to do something nice while we are here.

[1] A couplet of Narottam das Thakur’s song



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 20.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

We are searching for adi-rasa, the original connection that we all have. And what will happen if you find this?

Let me quote a very poetic expression for that. Krishna’s pastimes will help us to develop a very detailed and complicated system of relationship to Him. And this beautiful relationship with all the details is a never-ending, inexhaustible source of inspiration for arts in general in India. And not only for the artistic expression, but also for the devotional expression. So therefore let us quote only one verse from the Chaitanya Charitamrita[1]:

“Krishna’s bodily beauty is just like a ripple on the ocean of ever-lasting youth.” It’s very difficult to continue. Because even that first sentence is so high, so sweet. So, Krishna’s beauty is like an ocean. And we discussed that people usually go to the sea to enjoy. Go closer to this ocean, so that the ultimate enjoyment of your heart and soul should happen!

And this is not simply an ocean, but it’s an ocean in waves. And what happens in this ocean? “In this unlimited ocean there is the whirlpool of the ecstatic divine love.” Wow! That’s dangerous! If in a great water there is a whirlpool, that’s dangerous.

“The sound of the flute of Krishna is compared to the whirlwind. And the flying minds of the gopis are compared to the dry straws and leaves.” So what happens if their mind is sucked or taken by this whirlwind? “They will never rise again, but they are forever hurled to the lotus feet of Krishna.”

So, Krishna’s beauty is like an ocean in waves, and the sound of His flute is so charming like a whirlwind capturing the minds of the gopis – which are like dry leaves. And even a small wind will very easily move the dry leaves, right? What to speak of a whirlwind, a tornado! And if this Krishna-tornado will capture the minds of the gopis, it will eternally put these minds at His lotus feet. So what can we say about this? Nothing else.

Therefore the beginning is yoga, the second is bhakti and the goal is prema – to be exposed to this divine tornado.

 

(to be continued)

[1] Chaitanya-Charitamrita, Madhya, 21. 113

 



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 20.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

 You know all these beautiful different pastimes of Krishna when He visited this Earth – how He took His birth, how He dealt with the devotees. Here are the four of His extra qualities: first of all His beauty. Krishna is forever-young, beautiful. And His beauty is attractive even for Himself. You know, when He saw His reflection in the column, He said: “Ah! Who is that beautiful guy?!” So He is surprisingly beautiful even for Himself. Therefore only He Himself is able to observe this beauty. Or – one, of similarly or even higher capacity partner. And this is Radhika who can really appreciate the beauty of Krishna.

The second special feature of Krishna is His playing the flute. This is not only a musical instrument of a cowherd boy, but this is like a symbol of the divine aesthetics. The sound of the spheres – actually this is the flute of Krishna. This is the source of the creative sound vibration. And this is really a magic flute, because it will change the character of the living entities. The trees are usually considered to be nonmoving entities and the deer usually are considered to be moving entities. But when the trees in Vrindavana listen to the sound of the flute of Krishna, they start to tremble, they dance for this magic music. While the deer, who usually run very fast, they are frozen by this sound. So the flute of Krishna invites us all to join the divine lilas. And if we were moving so far in the world of illusion, then we can fix ourselves; or if we were nonmoving in the spiritual sense, then we can start our response to His invitation.

The third extra feature of Krishna – these are His qualities and His environment. He possesses always the six opulences of divinity: like strength, fame, wealth, knowledge, beauty and renunciation. And He is never alone, He is always surrounded by His beloved devotees. Like the full moon and the many stars – so poetic! His main partner is Radhika and in this way the two of Them are the union of divine beauty and divine love.

And finally the fourth feature of Krishna – these are His pastimes. There are some pastimes going on in the eternal spiritual sphere, and there are some special pastimes that are manifested on this planet Earth. One reflects the other, but in certain ways they also differ a little bit. And all His activities – concerning for example killing of demons in His lila – remind us of the different stages of spiritual development, how the divine power will kill the inner demons that we all have.

So, how Radhika will appreciate Krishna’s beauty? By Her vision, by Her eyes. How She will appreciate the sound of Krishna’s flute? By listening to it, by Her ears. And how She will perceive and appreciate His environment? By Her words, by glorification. So what were these three? Shravanam, kirtanam, smaranam. If Radhika is doing that, how you don’t do it? She is remembering Krishna’s beauty after seeing Him. She is glorifying the pastimes and the environment. And She is listening to His flute. And finally how She participates in the pastimes of Krishna? With Her whole existence – we can say this is atma-nivedanam.

So, shravanam-kirtanam is not only an introduction into some basics of the vaishnava philosophy. Although the level of intensity how Shrimati Radharani is doing these practices is a little different than ours. But everything depends on the relationship. We are all searching for a relationship. It’s good to be alone; I mean it’s good to be, even if alone, but it’s better to be in a company. So we are all searching for some environment, for some relationship. We are searching for adi-rasa, the original connection that we all have.

(to be continued)

 



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 20.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

So many meanings are there in this name ‘Krishna’. But there is yet another meaning of this word. I think we mentioned that before – ‘iron’. You wouldn’t expect iron to be connected to God Krishna. The all-attractive beautiful God – made of iron? How is that? We know that there is an attractive power in Krishna, yet He is the iron. Where is His attractive power coming from? The iron has no attractive power. Then where does it come from? You know there must be a source. What do you think?

Yashoda: I have some idea. Because Radhika is a metallurgist. She can operate with this iron.

Swami Tirtha: Ha! Correct! I think this is what you have to remember, because if you have a magnet, if you attach a piece of iron to that magnet, the iron will also have this magnetic power. So, if Krishna is like the iron, then His attractive power comes from the real magnet – radhe jaya jaya madhava dayite… Therefore we always say: ‘Radha-Govinda’, ‘Radhe, Shyam’, right? The boss is in the front. She is shakti; the power is behind the person.

Question of Matey: I have heard that Krishna wears some bracelets on His feet and on His hands. Could you please say something more about this?

Swami Tirtha: You might think that this is a decoration, but I think that this is His position – He is not free. His hands and feet are tied up. So you might call it a bracelet, but actually these are handcuffs. He is not free.

Matey: And who has put these handcuffs on Him?

Swami Tirtha: Big question! I have no idea! Maybe the mother, maybe the lover, maybe a very good devotee…? We have to think: who has power over God? Only a superior.

Premprasad: There is nobody, because He is the most superior.

Swami Tirtha: Yet He’s got some bracelets and rings here and there. You can go on thinking and meditating: how it is. But therefore we also have a necklace – to show that we are not free. Not free to run here and there. But we are eternally bound and hurled at the feet of the Lord. Isn’t that beautiful?

 

(to be continued)



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 20.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

If we want to analyze more deeply, more precisely Krishna’s name, then we have to separate the characters into K-R-S-N-A; or ‘ka’, ‘la’ or ‘ri’, ‘sa’, ‘na’, ‘a’. So not only ‘krish-na’, but also character by character. In Sanskrit you know the consonants always end with ‘a’, so the ‘k’ is like ‘ka’; ‘m’ is like ‘ma’, etc.

Ka’, the first letter of Krishna’s name, reminds us of the first step of the universe – this is creation. ‘Ka’ is a reflection of the creative power. What is the result of this creation? Creation means existence; remember, ‘krish’ also means ‘existence, reality’. What is the opposite of existence or reality? Nonexistence, death. So what is the power of this ‘ka’ in the beginning of Krishna’s name? It frightens away death. Because this is the creative power, so it is the total opposite of death, of annihilation. And which bodily part of Krishna will remind us of this creative power and this victory over death? Of course now you can quote any part of His body, because we know that Krishna is able to perform any function with any other bodily part. He can drink with the ears, He can speak with the eyes – He is the omnipotent God. But here this function is connected to His beautiful full-moon face. In general Brahma is connected to the creation, but a special Krishna’s form, Janardana, is connected to this first feature. So you see, ‘ka’ means creative power, frightening of death, a full-moon face, Brahma and Janardana. This is the first letter, first character.

What is the second? It is ‘ra’, but it is also used as ‘la’. And if the first character’s function was the creation, then what is the function of the second? It’s maintenance proper. What will be the effect of Krishna’s maintaining power? It will eliminate the sins. Therefore if you feel you have something to get rid of, if you feel you have some sins on stock, try to meditate over this maintaining power of Krishna – ‘la’ or ‘ra’. And this power is represented by the beautiful eyes of Krishna. Otherwise who is connected to the maintaining function of the universe? This is Vishnu, but here in this specific understanding this is Hari-Vishnu, especially The Knower of the Vedas. That means the divine knowledge will eliminate our sins. It will maintain our existence in a proper manner. And this blessing power is represented by the divine eyes of Krishna. Therefore in the Loving search for the lost servant Shrila Shridhara Maharaj describes this very important mantra from the Rig Veda: om tad vishnoh paramam padam sada pashyanti surayo diviva chakshuratatam – “The divine eyes are just like a blessing observer in heaven.” Therefore we are happy to expose ourselves to this divine vision.

And what is the third character of Krishna’s name? ‘Sa’ is the annihilation of the world. So, first “ka’, ‘ra’, ‘sa’ – creation, maintenance and annihilation. Therefore they say if you break up this word ‘God’, what is that? Generator, operator, destructor – G-O-D. We use codes. So here the third letter is ‘sa’ – ‘eliminate, annihilate’. What is the result of ‘sa’? It expels the ghosts, it’s a ghost-repellent. So if you have some little trouble with these guys around, just remember ‘sa’ – this aspect of Krishna’s name. And it really works, many devotees tell their personal stories. Once somebody told she had a nightmare – she was strangled by a ghost. She knew that she will be released if she could pronounce the name, but she could not talk. Finally after big struggle she could pronounce: “Krishna!” and immediately this nightmare finished.

This is the effect of Krishna’s name in this third character. And this is represented by His arms. Usually for what purpose Krishna uses His arms? If He wants to capture something. For example, if He wants to embrace you, He will use His arms. And if you hug somebody, a real hug means strong. Not only 35% patting on the shoulder, but a real hug. Therefore Krishna’s arms are compared to snakes. Because when a snake captures something, just strangles it – so strong! So the beautiful arms of Krishna will save us from these ghosts. And in general who is connected to annihilation? Lord Shiva – he is also always with snakes. And in one sense he is a liberator also.

What is there with the next character? This is ‘na’. Now we are beyond the creation; now we come to the divine platform, therefore only the result we can see. What is the result of this fourth character of Krishna’s name – ‘na’? This will protect us from any disease. And this power is represented by the lotus feet of Krishna. What is the ultimate disease? Illusion – this is the material disease. So if we surrender at the lotus feet of Krishna, we will be protected from this disease.

And finally there is this ‘a’ at the end of Krishna’s name; this will bring you peace. ‘From the sounds I am the A,’ as said in the Gita[1] by Krishna. Lord Jesus repeats the same: “I am the alpha and the omega, the beginning and the end.” And this peaceful aspect of Krishna is represented by His whole body. So, if you say ‘Krishna!’, this is not only the bliss of existence, but all these different functions, results and blessings are included.

(to be continued) 

[1] Bhagavad Gita 10.33



(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 20.06.2017 evening, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

We all know that one main meaning of Krishna’s name is attractive power, all-attractive. Nevertheless the first syllable ‘krish’ means existence, reality, life in general. While ‘na’ at the end means bliss, anandam. In this way we can say that krish-na, reality and bliss, is like the bliss of life, the bliss of existence, the happy life, or the never-ending happiness. So we can say that even happiness about ourselves comes from God, because we are part of that beautiful superior spiritual energy. As we discussed, we share some divine qualities.

Some people have a material conception about Krishna – that He is like a solar hero or an amalgamation of different personalities, and so many others… But actually Krishna is a very high and we can say the original conception of divinity. Therefore Shrila Shridhara Maharaj says that beyond all the religious conceptions we have to come to the Krishna concept of divinity. This is something very important, please remember: the Krishna conception of divinity. This feature is including all other possible aspects of divinity.

Usually we expect certain features from God. But as we discussed, in Krishna we find four unique extra qualities that we can never find in anybody else. Krishna’s form is very beautiful. His skin is dark – bluish or blackish. Another meaning of the word ‘krishna’ is ‘black, dark’. And also He’s got a peacock feather in the hair as an ultimate decoration. It also reminds Him and reminds us of His guru in dancing – because His guru in dancing is the peacock. Therefore He wears a peacock feather always on His head, because He’s the God of dancing. And He’s got a very special sign – this is the flute that we discussed recently. From the flute you can understand that this is Krishna. And His form is tribhanga – bending in three places, curved. Therefore it’s so difficult to forget Him. He is like a nail, yet a special nail. If a nail is very straight, you can easily drive it in the wood and you can easily draw it out. But if the nail is bended, curved – you cannot remove it. Therefore Krishna is in a bending form – once He entered our heart, it’s almost impossible to remove. And He looks like a human – therefore he is more attractive for the humans. Maybe if He wants to attract the butterflies, He comes in a butterfly form. But as He wants to preach to the human beings, He comes in a human form – His original human form.

(to be continued)