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September 2018
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Collected words from talks of Swami Tirtha


(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, May 2012, Sofia)

(continues from the previous Monday)

This far Hiranyakashipu, the demon who was waiting for the blessings, told the glories: “Ah, you are so great, you are so nice!” And now he comes with his requests:

“Ah lord, if you wish to fulfill my desire for a boon, then please grant me only this little thing: give me that I should not be killed by any living entity created by you.” But this is only the first, he’s got a long list. “Give me that also that I should not be killed indoors or outdoors. Not during the day, not during the night.” What was the goal behind? ‘I want to be immortal!’ So he started to use his intelligence, trying to find all the possible ways of protection. “I shall not be killed by you, Brahma, or by Shiva or any other demigod or creature; or any weapon. I should not be killed on the ground or in the sky. Nor by any human being or any animal, such as a tiger. No living entity, inert matter, demigod, demon or great snake shall kill me. Please grant me that I shall not be killed by any of these! Ah lord, no one can oppose you in a battle. And you are the lord of all living entities and rulers. So please, give me the same position. Please give me the eight siddhis, the mystic perfections of yoga, and whatever results can be obtained by practice of yoga and tapasya.” It’s a long list, ha? ‘Give me this, give me that!’

“After listening to these prayers and requests of Hiranyakashipu, Brahma replied: “Dear son, now I’m giving you whatever boon you had requested from me, although it is actually rare and difficult to obtain for anyone.” Then Brahma returned to his own home.

So, by the blessings of Brahma, Hiranyakashipu has obtained all the boons he requested, as well as a very strong and powerful golden body. He then remembered the slaying of his brother, who was killed by Vishnu and immediately felt great hatred towards Vishnu, God Supreme. This great asura, this Hiranyakashipu, became the supreme ruler of the other asuras and also of the demigods and human beings. He also became the ruler of the gandharvas – the heavenly singers; the nagas – the cosmic snakes; the siddhas – the perfected beings, the garudas, the charanas, the vidyadharas, the rishis, Yama and his followers, the ancient sages and the pitris – the forefathers; of everybody who is there in this universe.”

So, prestigious positions are there in this world – like a demigod or a king. And there are some not so prestigious positions like yakshas – yaksha is a magician demon fighter; rakshasa is even less prestigious. Rakshasa is a giant eating the flesh of human beings. Pishacha is even more heavy – pishacha is a witch riding on a broom. But there are the pretas also; preta is a demon of the dead bodies, of the corpses.

Yamuna: Vampires? Prototypes of vampires? Zombies?

Swami Tirtha: Come on! These are new inventions, my dear ones. This is the Hollywood version of this kind of beings, so please, stick to the tradition. But what is a preta? Preta is like a ghost. How can you recognize a ghost?

Yamuna: He is semitransparent.

Swami Tirtha: Semitransparent!? Maybe that’s again some Hollywood version; there is a sign, a signal that you can understand who is a preta. Because sometimes they might look like human beings. These types of beings look like humans, but they have some special features from what you can recognize who is who. And the special sign of a preta is… Usually your toes are to the front; but for the pretas they are to the back. It’s not funny! Their feet are to the back. What does it mean? Usually if you walk on the sand, your footprints will show your direction. You go forward and the steps also look forward. But what happens if you don’t know the proper direction? What happens if you are a preta? Although you go in one direction, your footprints will show to the opposite direction. That means that although it looks like you make a progress, actually you go backwards. So this is a preta – this is a ghost of the dead bodies. It  goes to a wrong direction. Do you see the symbolism? It’s really not for amusement, it’s a real heavy message. Because the present-day society goes in a wrong direction. So we can say that practically everybody is a preta, not finding the direction. You go in one direction and your footprints go to the opposite. So something is totally wrong in this conditioning.

So, Hiranyakashipu became the lord of the prestigious, godly, divine, kingly orders; and of these lower species also, like ghosts and devils. “After conquering their lords and kings, he took from them their powers and positions and became the supreme personality in the three planetary systems of Svarga, Martya and Patala.” Patala is the hellish planets, the lower planetary systems. Martya-loka is the Earth and similar planets, where death is the ultimate power. Martya means ‘death’. So the name of the planet is Death. And Svarga is the name of the higher planetary systems, which look like heaven. So, this happened after obtaining this boon – he became extremely powerful. He conquered the leaders of these different groups of living entities and then took their power and took their energy.

(to be continued)

darkness is lack of light

(из лекции Свами Тиртхи, 05.01.2013, утром, София)

Вопрос: Сначала я хочу извиниться за вопрос перед учителем и перед слушателями. Хочу спросить существует ли зло? Существует ли личность как архи-дьявол, Сатана? И в божественной сфере есть ли такое противостояние между добром и злом, или оно существует только в человеческом мире, здесь на Земле?

Свами Тиртха: Вопрос весьма подходящий, не извиняйтесь. Но дьявол в классическом, так сказать християнском смысле, не существует. Дьявол не вне нас, этот дьявольский менталитет живет внутри нас. Потом что кто такой дьявол – бунтовник против божественного порядка. Мы и есть эти бунтовники, которые не принимали условия Бога. И Он сказал: „Хорошо, можете иметь собственное мнение, но исповедуйте его вон там.” Так что дьявол не во вне, этот бунтовник внутри. Поэтому в духовном небе нет дисгармонии. Оно место гармонии. Двойнственности – как добро и зло, дьявол и ангел – существуют только на относительном, не и на абсолютном уровне. На абсолютном уровне есть только ангелы, серафимы и архангелы. Конечно, сейчас я использую другой язык, другие имена для этих разных классов божественных и полубожественных существ, но там дисгармонии нет.

Так что всущности дьявол или анти-бог не существует. Однако иллюзия существует. Но природа иллюзии в том, что она нереальна. Что-то показывает тебе, чего нет. Звучит несколько сложновато. Аристотель сказал: „Все, что не существует, существует как несуществующее.” Можете порассуждать над этим. Но оно показывает, что он большой позитивист, он за жизнь, за существование, потому что говорит: „Несуществование не существует.” Единственное что не существует это несуществование. Все существует! А если думаете, что что-то не существует, оно существует как несуществующая сущность для вас. Это похоже на игры ума, но это не так. Потому что, что такое темнота?

Харилила: Отсутствие света.

Свами Тиртха: Правильно; невозможно дать позитивное определение темноты, есть только негативное определение – отсутствие света. Так что темнота не существует. Если есть темнота, она есть несуществование света. Таким же образом, каково реальное существование дьявола? Зависит от вашего взгляда. Многие настолько боятся дьявола, что развивают дьявольское сознание. Видят трюки дьявола во всем, что с ними происходит. Таким образом человек может себе создать своего собственного дьявола. Но если хотите повсюду видеть божественную милость, тогда у вас будет другой взгляд.

Итак, тем не менее, если называем „дьяволом” эту ошибку или эту функцию, которая отделяет человеческие существа от божественного сознания, конечно такая сила существует, но она называется иллюзией. Это олицетворенная энергия и на первый взгляд можете подумать: „О, это должно быть дьявол!” так как она разделяет души от Бога, значит это дьявольское дело. Но всущности она – так как речь идет о женской энергии – она как директор в тюрьме материального бытия. И хотя директор тюрьмы находится в тюрьме и на практике живет там, она существует там по другому принципу. Она не преступница. Понимаете, такова ее функция – выполнять это служение, заботиться о тех, кто хочет жить этим преступным способом жизни, у кого преступный подход к Богу.



darkness is lack of light

(Conferencia matutina de Swami Tirtha, el 05.01.2013, Sofía)

Pregunta: En primer lugar pido excusas al maestro y a la audiencia por esta pregunta. Quiero preguntar si el Mal existe? Acaso existe la persona del proto-diablo, del Satán? Además, en la esfera divina acaso existe esta contradicción/ oposición entre el Bien y el Mal o ella no existe más que en el mundo de los humanos, aquí en la Tierra?

Swami Tirtha: La pregunta es muy apropiada, no hay que pedir excusas. El Diablo, en el sentido clásico o cristiano no existe por lo tanto. El Diablo no está afuera, la mentalidad diabólica vive dentro de nosotros. Quien es el Diablo en efecto – es el rebelde que se opone al orden divino. Nosotros somos los rebeldes que no aceptan las condiciones de Dios. Y Él ha dicho: “Bueno, podéis tener vuestra opinión privada pero practicadla allí afuera.” El Diablo pues no está afuera, este rebelde está dentro de nosotros. Por esta razón no hay desarmonía en el cielo espiritual. Es el sitio donde reina la armonía.

Las dualidades, las ambigüedades, tales como Bien y Mal, Diablo y Ángel – existen solo en nivel relativo y no en el nivel absoluto. En el nivel absoluto hay solamente ángeles, serafines y arcángeles. Por supuesto yo uso ahora un leguaje diferente, dando nombres diferentes a las diferentes clases de seres divinos o medio divinos y de todos modos allá no hay desarmonía.

No existen en realidad Diablo o anti-Dios. Por lo tanto, la ilusión existe. Por su naturaleza la ilusión es irreal. Hay algo que te sugiere lo que ella no es. Suena algo complicado. Aristóteles ha dicho: “Lo que no existe, existe como no-existente.” Podéis reflexionar en ello. Su reflexión demuestra que ha sido un gran positivista, en pro por la vida, por la existencia puesto que dice asimismo: “La no-existencia no existe.” La única cosa que no existe es en efecto la no-existencia. Todo existe! Y si pensáis que algo no existe, ello existe como entidad no-existente para vosotros. Se parece a un juego de la mente, pero no lo es. Puesto que, que es la oscuridad?

Harilila: La falta de luz.

Swami Tirtha: Correcto, es imposible dar definición positive de la luz, hay solo una definición negativa – falta o insuficiencia de luz. Entonces, la oscuridad no existe. Si hay oscuridad, es la no-existencia de luz. De igual modo, que es la existencia real del Diablo? Depende de vuestra visión. Muchos temen al Diablo y desarrollan consciencia diabólica. Van a ver un truco del Diablo en todo lo que les ocurre. De este modo cada uno puede crearse su propio Diablo. Por lo tanto, si queréis ver en todas partes la merced divina, vuestra visión sería diferente.

A pesar de todo, si seguimos llamando “Diablo ” el error o la función que separa los seres humanos de la consciencia divina, por supuesto existe un poder semejante, pero se llama ilusión. Es energía personificada y a primera vista podéis pensar que: “ Oh, debe ser el Diablo!” puesto que el Diablo separa las almas de Dios, y seguramente es so obra, su programa. En realidad ella – puesto que se trata de energía, femenina – es la directora de la prisión, de la vida material.

La directora de la prisión habita la prisión viviendo allí en práctica, ella está allí por principio diferente. Ella no es delincuente criminal. Ya comprendéis su función – cumplir y brindar servicio, siendo responsable de los que quieren vivir su vida de modo criminal, de los que tienen un aproche criminal para el Supremo.

darkness is lack of light

(от лекция на Свами Тиртха, 05.01.2013, сутрин, София)

Въпрос: Най-напред искам да се извиня за въпроса пред учителя и пред слушателите. Искам да попитам дали злото съществува? Съществува ли личност като архи-дявол, Сатана? И в божествената сфера има ли такова противопоставяне между добро и зло, или то съществува само в човешкия свят, тук на Земята?

Свами Тиртха: Въпросът е съвсем подобаващ, не се извинявайте. Но дявол в класическия, така да се каже християнски смисъл, не съществува. Дяволът не е отвън, този дяволски манталитет живее вътре в нас. Защото кой е дяволът – бунтовник срещу божествения порядък. Ние сме тези бунтовници, които не са приели условията на Бога. И Той е казал: „Добре, може да си имате собственото мнение, но го упражнявайте ей там.” Така че дяволът не е отвън, този бунтовник е вътре. Затова в духовното небе няма дисхармония. То е място на хармония. Двойнственостите – като добро и лошо, дявол и ангел – съществуват само на относителното, не и на абсолютното ниво. На абсолютното ниво има само ангели, серафими и архангели. Разбира се, сега използвам различен изказ, различни имена за тези разни класи божествени и полубожествени същества, ала там дисхармония няма.

Така че всъщност дявол или анти-бог не съществува. Обаче илюзията съществува. Само че природата на илюзията е, че тя е нереална. Нещо ти показва какво не е. Звучи малко сложно. Аристотел е казал: „Нещо, което не съществува, съществува като несъществуващо.” Можете да поразсъждавате над това. Но то показва, че той е голям позитивист, той е за живота, за съществуването, защото казва: „Несъществуването не съществува.” Единственото нещо, което не съществува е несъществуването. Всичко съществува! А ако си мислите, че нещо не съществува, то съществува като несъществуваща същност за вас. Това прилича на игра на ума, но не е. Защото какво е тъмнината?

Харилила: Липса на светлина.

Свами Тиртха: Правилно; невъзможно е да се даде позитивно определение за тъмнина, има единствено негативно определение – недостиг на светлина. Така че тъмнината не съществува. Ако има тъмнина, тя е несъществуването на светлина. По същия начин, какво е реалното съществуване на дявола? Зависи от виждането ви. Мнозина толкова много се боят от дявола, че развиват дяволско съзнание. Виждат трик на дявола във всичко, което им се случва. По този начин човек може да си създаде свой собствен дявол. Но ако искате навсякъде да виждате божествената милост, тогава ще имате различна визия.

При все това, ако наричаме „дявол” тази грешка или тази функция, която отделя човешките същества от божественото съзнание, разбира се такава сила съществува, но тя се нарича илюзия. Тя е олицетворена енергия и на пръв поглед може да си речете: „О, това ще да е дяволът!” тъй като тя разделя душите от Бога, значи е дяволска работа. Ала всъщност тя – понеже става дума за женска енергия – тя е като директорка в затвора на материалното битие. И макар директорката на затвора да пребивава в затвора и на практика да живее там, тя се намира там по силата на различен принцип. Тя не е престъпница. Разбирате ли, такава е нейната функция – да изпълнява това служене, да отговаря за онези, които искат да живеят по този криминален начин, които имат този криминален подход към Бога.



darkness is lack of light

(Szvámí Tírtha, 2013.01.05-ei szófiai reggeli tanítása)

Kérdés: Először is elnézést szeretnék kérni magáért a kérdésért a mestertől és a hallgatóságtól egyaránt. Szeretném megkérdezni, hogy létezik-e a gonosz? Vajon létezik-e olyan személyiség, mint a főördög, Sátán? S az isteni szférában van-e ellentét jó és gonosz között, vagy ez csupán itt a földön az emberek világában létezik?

Szvámí Tírtha: Ez egy nagyon helyénvaló kérdés, nem kell elnézést kérned. De az ördög abban az értelemben, a klasszikus, úgymond keresztény értelemben, nem létezik. Az az ördög nem kívül van, az az ördögi mentalitás bennünk él. Mert ki is tulajdonképpen az ördög – aki az isteni rend ellen lázad. Mi vagyunk ezek a lázadók, s nem fogadjuk el Isten feltételeit. Ő pedig azt mondta: “Rendben, meglehet a saját véleményed, de akkor próbáld is ki ott.” Tehát, az ördög nem kívül van, ez a lázadó bennünk létezik. Ezért a lelki világban nincs diszharmónia. Ott harmónia van. A kettősségek – mint jó és rossz, ördög és angyal – csupán a relatív síkon léteznek, nem abszolút szinten. Abszolút szinten csak angyalok, szeráfok és arkangyalok léteznek. Természetesen én most más nyelvet és más neveket használok az isteni vagy félisteni lényeknek ezekre az osztályaira, de odaát, ott nincs diszharmónia.

Tehát valójában az ördög vagy az anti-Isten nem létezik. Míg az illúzió, igen. De az illúzió természete az, hogy nem létezik. Valami viszont van, hogy megmutassa, hogy mi az, ami nincs. Ez némileg komplikáltnak hangzik. Arisztotelész azt mondja: “Bármi, ami nem létezik, nem létezőként létezik.” Rágódhattok ezen, de ez azt mutatja, hogy Arisztotelész nagyon pozitivista volt, az élet mellett állt ki, a létezés mellett, mert így szól: “A nem-létezés nem létezik.” Az egyetlen dolog, ami nem létezik, az a nem-létezés. Minden létezik! S, ha azt gondolod, hogy valami nem létezik, akkor az nem-létezőként létezik a számodra. Ez úgy tűnhet, hogy csak játék a szavakkal, de nem az. Mert mi a sötétség?

Harilílá: A fény hiánya.

Szvámí Tírtha: Helyes, nem tudunk pozitív definíciót adni a sötétségre, csupán negatívat – ‘a fény hiánya’. Tehát a sötétség nem létezik. Amikor sötétség van, nem létezik a fény. Hasonlóképpen, miben áll az ördög valódi létezése? A látásmódodtól függ. Sokan annyira félnek az ördögtől, hogy ördög-tudatosságot alakítanak ki. Mindenben, ami velük történik, az ördög trükkjeit vélik felfedezni. Ily módon teremted meg a saját ördögödet. Azonban, ha mindenütt az isteni kegyet szeretnéd látni, akkor egy teljesen más látásmódod lesz.

Azonban, ha az ördögre, mint egy olyan hibára, egy olyan funkcióra tekintünk, mely elválasztja az embert az isteni tudatosságtól, akkor természetesen ez az erő létezik, de ezt illúziónak hívják. Ez egy megszemélyesült energia, melyről első pillantásra azt gondolhatjuk, hogy: “Ó, ez az ördög lehet!”; mert elválasztja a lelkeket Istentől, tehát ez az ördögi program. De valójában az illúzió, ami egy nőies erő, az anyagi létezés börtönének az igazgatónője. S bár igazgatóként gyakorlatilag a börtönben él, azonban rá más szabályok vonatkoznak. Ő nem bűnöző. Az a szerepe, azt a szolgálatot kell teljesítenie, hogy gondoskodjon azokról, akik ezt az utat választották, akik ilyen „bűnöző” módon viszonyulnak a Jóistenhez.


darkness is lack of light

(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 05.01.2013, morning, Sofia)

Question: First I want to apologize for the question to the master and to the audience. I want to ask whether evil exists. Whether there is such a personality as arch-devil, Satan? And in the divine sphere is there such a contradiction between good and evil, or it’s only in the human world, here on Earth?

Swami Tirtha: It’s a very proper question, don’t excuse yourself. But devil in that sense, in the classical, so to say Christian sense, does not exist. That devil is not externally there, that devil mentality lives in us. Because who is the devil – a rebel against the divine order. We are these rebels, we didn’t accept God’s conditions. And He said: “All right, you can have your private opinion, but then try it there.” So, the devil is not outside, this rebel is inside. Therefore in the spiritual sky there is no disharmony. It is a place of harmony. Dualities – like good and bad, devil and angel – exist only on the relative platform, not on the absolute platform. On the absolute platform there are only angels and seraphs and arch-angels. Of course now I use a different language, different names for these different classes of divine or semi-divine beings, but over there, there is no disharmony.

So, actually devil or an anti-God doesn’t exist. Yet illusion exists. But the nature of illusion is that it doesn’t exist. Something is there to show you what is not. Sounds a little complicated. Aristotle said: “Anything that doesn’t exist, exists like non-existent.” You can chew on that. But that showed that he is very positivist, he is life pro, he is existence pro, because he said: “Non-existence doesn’t exist.” The only thing that doesn’t exist is non-existence. Everything exists! And if you think that something doesn’t exist, it exists as a non-existent entity for you. This is like a mind-game, but it’s not. Because what is darkness?

Harilila: The lack of light.

Swami Tirtha: Correct, you cannot give a positive definition of darkness, there is only a negative definition of darkness – ‘lack of light’. So, darkness doesn’t exist. If darkness is there, it is a non-existence of light. In the same way, what is the real existence of devil? Depends on your vision. Many are so much afraid of the devil, that they develop a devil consciousness. They see the trick of the devil in everything that happens to them. In this way you can create your devil. But if you want to see everywhere the divine mercy, then you will have a different vision.

So, nevertheless if we call devil like a mistake, or like a function that separates human beings from the divine consciousness, of course that power exists, but this is called illusion. This is a personified energy and at first glance you might think that: “Oh, this must be the devil!” because this separates the souls from God, so that is the devilish program. But actually she is – because this is a feminine power – she is like the directress of the jail of material existence. And although the directress of a jail stays inside the jail, she lives there practically, she is there under a different principle. She is not a criminal. You see, it’s her function – to accomplish that service, to take care of those who want this criminal way, who have this criminal approach to the Supreme.

(от лекция на Свами Тиртха, май 2012, София)

Ще продължим да четем от древната история за битката между тъмните сили и светлите сили. Защото какво се случва в живота? Злото и доброто винаги се сражават или се съревновават.

„Хиранякашипу каза: “В края на епохата, когато настъпи унищожението на вселената, всички светове, с изключение на само-озарените планети, потъват в пълен мрак. Сетне Творецът отново проявява света, използвайки трите качества на материята. На този Върховен Бог, който създава, поддържа и унищожава вселената, и е вместилище на гуните аз поднасям своите почитания!”[1]

Както сме говорили преди, Бог притежава тези три функции – създател, поддръжник и унищожител. Какво означава това? Че всичко произтича от Него, всичко се поддържа от Него и в крайна сметка цялото унищожение идва пак от Него.

„Ти си причината за първичното проявление на вселената, формата на знание и ученост, които са проявени като действие и трансформация на жизнените сили, сетивата, ума и интелекта.” И така, съзидателната сила на вселената е познанието, по-висшата интелигентност. „Ти си животът и душата за онези, които познават душата, себето. Ти нямаш начало и си отвъд времето и пространството. Ти си вездесъщ, всезнаещ, Ти си Свръхдушата, обитаваща сърцето на всяко живо същество. Ти си вечно съзнателната личност, който определя точната продължителност на живота на всички живи създания, отброявайки дори най-мъничката частица време, и който след това отнема живота им когато моментът настъпи. Но самият Ти никога не се променяш. Ти си нероденият, върховен господар на всички живи същества, Ти си техният живот и закрила. Всичко в тази вселена, всяко добро и лошо нещо, земята и океаните – всичко се съдържа в Теб и нищо не е различно от Теб. Ведите, Упанишадите и цялата останала ведическа литература се излъчват от Теб. Ти си върховната реалност, от чийто пъп израства златният лотос.”

Тук много добре е описан обектът на внимание на този демон. Но всъщност Хиранякашипу прави малка грешка, защото възхвалява Брахма като че той е самият Върховен Бог. Това е същото като да сбъркаш някой министър с президента. Президентът или царят е главата на държавата; министърът си е само министър.

„О, могъщи господарю! Макар винаги да пребиваваш в най-великата трансцендентална обител, в най-високия слой на материалната вселена, Ти външно проявяваш гигантския облик вират-рупа, вселенската космическа форма, съставена от всички елементи, от обектите на сетивно възприятие, самите сетива, жизнената сила и ума. Въпреки че проявяваш всичко това, Ти си отвъд обсега на сетивата. Ти си всевишният, прастарият, върховната душа, живееща в сърцето на всяко създание, безграничен, нетленен и вездесъщ из цялата вселена. Поднасям почитанията си на този Върховен Бог, който винаги е придружаван от Своите три енергии – вътрешната, външната и междинната.”

Разбирате ли? Това е описание на нещо отвъд нашето разбиране. То описва какъв е Бог. Как Той може да прояви цялата вселена. Как всичко произтича от Него. Как Той се намира в сърцата на всички живи същества. Това е начинът, по който Той поддържа всичко. И в крайна сметка Той е най-висшата цел на всичко – когато дойде краят на света, всички енергии ще се завърнат в своя източник.

И кое е изключително важно в това описание? Че Върховният Бог се намира във всяко сърце. Как Той управлява вселенските дела – това е отвъд способностите ни да разберем, не знаем, то си е Негова работа. За Него невъзможното е възможно. За нас не е. Но Той е с всички живи същества, Той е с вас – следва ви, грижи се за вас. Затова трябва да бъдем внимателни. Всъщност целта на религията е да отделим това внимание на Бога. Да намерим пътя обратно към дома, обратно при Бога.

(следва продължение)

[1] Продължава четенето от книгата на Б.Б.Тиртха Махарадж „Светият живот на Прахлада”


(Szvámí Tírtha 2012. májusi szófiai tanításából)

Mi is történik az életben úgy általában?/ Miről is szól az életünk? A jó és a rossz mindig harcol, vagy verseng egymással. Folytassuk hát a felolvasást a sötétség és a világosság küzdelméről szóló ősi történettel!

Hiranjakasipu így szólt: „A kalpa végén, amikor megsemmisül az univerzum, valamennyi világ teljes sötétségbe borul, kivéve az önragyogó bolygókat.. Majd a teremtő, a természet három kötőerejének segítségével, ismét létrehozza a világot. A Legfelsőbb Úrnak ajánlom hódolatomat, aki teremti, fenntartja és elpusztítja az univerzumot, s aki a természet három kötőerejének menedéke!” [1]

Az elmúlt alkalommal már beszéltünk arról, hogy a Jóistennek három funkciója van: Ő a teremtő (generator), a fenntartó (operator) és a pusztító (destructor) Isten (G-O-D). Mit is jelent ez? Minden Tőle ered, mindent Ő tart fenn, és végül: Ő a végső pusztító.

Te vagy az univerzum első létrejöttének oka, a tudás és tudomány benned ölt testet, az életerők, az érzékszervek, az elme és az értelem tevékenységeként és transzformációjaként nyilvánulsz meg.” Tehát az univerzum kreatív ereje a tudás, a magasabb intelligencia.”Te vagy a lelket, az önvalót ismerők élete és lelke. Kezdet nélküli és vég nélküli vagy, túl az idő és a tér korlátain. Mindenütt jelen vagy és, mindentudó vagy, Te vagy a minden élőlény szívében lakozó Felsőlélek. Te vagy az a mindörökké tudatos személy, aki valamennyi lény életének hosszát percre pontosan meghatározod, majd mikor idejük lejárt, te veszed el az életüket. De te változatlan maradsz, megszületetlen, minden élőlény legfelsőbb ura és életének védelmezője! Semmi sem létezik rajtad kívül ebben az univerzumban, minden benned van – valamennyi jó és rossz dolog, a föld és az óceánok, semmi sem független tőled. A Védák, az Upanisadok és az egész védikus irodalom tőled ered. Te vagy a legfelsőbb valóság, kinek köldökéből az arany lótusz hajt ki.”

Ez a rész nagyon szépen írja le e démon fókuszának tárgyát, azonban még Hiranjakasipu is elkövet egy csekélyke hibát: Brahmát isteníti, mintha ő maga volna a Jóisten, a Legfelsőbb Úr. Ez éppen olyan, mintha összekevernétek az egyik minisztert az elnökkel. Az elnök, vagy a király a nemzet legelső embere, a miniszter pedig csupán egy miniszter.

„Ó, hatalmas Uram! Bár mindig az anyagi univerzum legmagasabb síkján lévő leghatalmasabb transzcendentális lakhelyeden lakozol, külsőleg egyetemes, kozmikus virát-rúpa formádban jelensz meg, mely valamennyi elemből és érzéktárgyból, az érzékekből, az életerőből és az elméből áll. Ugyan te nyilvánítod meg mindezeket, de te az érzékelés határain túl vagy. Te vagy a legfelsőbb, a legidősebb személyiség, a minden élőlény szívében lakozó legfelsőbb lélek, határtalan, múlhatatlan, ebben az univerzumban mindenütt jelenlévő személy. Hódolatomat ajánlom a Legfelsőbb Úrnak, aki mindhárom energiával – a belső és külső energiával, valamint a határenergiaként ismert kevert energiával (amely az élőlények összességéből áll) is rendelkezik.”

Tudjátok követni? Ez a leírás értelmünkkel felfoghatatlan, a Jóisten jellemzéséről szól, azt mutatja meg nekünk, milyen is a Jóisten, hogyan is nyilvánítja meg az egész univerzumot. Minden Tőle ered, Ő ott lakozik valamennyi élő lény szívében, ily módon tart fenn mindent, Ő mindennek a végső célja – amikor eljön a világ vége, valamennyi energia a forráshoz fog visszatérni.

Vajon mi a legfontosabb ebben a leírásban? Az hogy, a Legfelsőbb Úr valamennyiünk szívében ott lakozik. Hogy hogyan tartja fenn az univerzumot? Ez kívül esik a mi megértésünkön, nem tudhatjuk, ez az Ő dolga. Számára a lehetetlen is lehetséges, számunkra pedig nem. Ám Ő ott van valamennyi élőlénnyel. Veletek is – követ benneteket, gondoskodik rólatok. Ezért kell nagyon figyelmesnek lennünk; valójában a vallás célja figyelmünk összpontosítása a Legfelsőbbre, azért, hogy megtaláljuk a haza vezető utat – vissza a Jóistenhez.

(folytatása következik)

[1] A felolvasás folytatódik Bhakti Vallabh Tírtha Mahárádzs A szent életű Prahlád c. könyvéből .




(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, May 2012, Sofia)

We shall continue our readings from the ancient story of the fight between dark forces and bright forces. Because what happens in life? Bad and good are always either fighting or competing.

“Hiranyakashipu said: “At the end of the kalpa, when the destruction of the universe arrives, all the worlds except the self-effulgent planets enter into complete darkness. Then the creator, utilizing the three qualities of nature, again manifests the world. To that Supreme Personality, who creates, maintains and destroys the universe and is the shelter of the gunas, I’m offering my obeisances!”[1]

As we agreed last time, God has these three functions – generator, operator and destructor, G-O-D. What is the meaning? Everything comes from Him, everything is maintained by Him and finally all the destruction will come from Him also.

“You are the cause of the first manifestation of the universe, the form of knowledge and science, who are manifest as action and transformation of life-forces, the senses, the mind and the intellect.” So, the creative power of the universe is knowledge, higher intelligence. “You are the life and soul of those who know the soul, the self. You are without beginning, beyond all time and space. You are omnipresent, omniscient, the Supersoul residing in the heart of every living entity. You are the eternally conscious personality, who fixes the exact lifespan of all living entities by counting even the smallest fraction of time and then taking their life when their moment has come. But you never change. You are unborn, the supreme controller of all living entities, their life and protector. Everything in this universe, all the good and bad things, the earth and the oceans – all are contained in you and nothing is different from you. The Vedas, the Upanishads and all the other Vedic literature emanate from you. You are the supreme reality from whose navel the golden lotus sprouts.”

This describes very nicely the object of attention of this demon. Yet actually Hiranyakashipu makes a little mistake. Because he glorifies Brahma as if he was God Himself, the Supreme Lord. It is just like if you mistake a minister for the president. The president, or the king, is at the top in the country; the minister is only a minister.

“Ah powerful Lord! Although you always reside in the greatest transcendental abode on the top platform of material universe, you externally display the great form of virat-rupa, the universal, cosmic form, made of all elements, objects of the sense perception, the senses themselves, life-force and the mind. Although you manifest all this, you are the personality beyond the reach of the senses. You are the supreme and oldest personality, the supreme soul living in the heart of every creature, unlimited, imperishable and omnipresent throughout the universe. I offer my obeisances to this Supreme Lord, who is always accompanied by his three energies – the internal potency, the external and the marginal potency.”

Do you follow? This is a description of something beyond our understanding. It describes how God is. How He can manifest the whole universe. Everything comes from Him. How He is there in the hearts of all living beings. This is the way how He maintains everything. And finally He is the ultimate goal of everything – when the end of the world comes, all the energies will go back to the source.

And what is very important in this description? That the Supreme Lord is there in everybody’s heart. How He manages the universal affairs – this is beyond our capacity, we don’t know, it’s His business. For Him the impossible is possible. For us it’s not. But He is there with all the living entities. He is there with you – following you, taking care of you. Therefore we should pay attention. Actually the goal of religion is to pay this attention to the Lord. To find the way back home, back to Godhead.


(to be continued)

[1] The reading continues from B.B.Tirtha Maharaj’s book The holy life of Prahlada


(from a lecture of Swami Tirtha, 05.01.2013, morning, Sofia)

Question of Harilila: I’ve heard that if you want to achieve something, you should help others to achieve the same. This is relevant in the material and also I hope in the spiritual sphere. Оn the spiritual path you want to go forward and you want to help others to go forward, so that you also be benefited by helping them. But as you are not perfect what actually can you give them without contaminating them? You said that if you are not perfect, you cannot give perfection to others. If you are not pure, what can you give them? What from your spiritual path can you give them to benefit them and yourself as well?

Swami Tirtha: Well, maybe we cannot give perfection to others, but Krishna can. And even if I am limited, my master and the parampara are not limited. So, in case there is a trouble in the system – which might happen – the superiors will enter and help.

Therefore we have to be careful about selecting our heroes. We have to be cautious and eager to search for a very high example. And you have to be aware what you can learn from a person. If you commit yourselves to stupidity, you will achieve stupidity. But one definition of bhakti-yoga is that you isolate yourself from stupidity. And here is a divine hierarchy – maybe I am a very insignificant part of this structure, but the message is proper. Maybe I didn’t accomplish fully, maybe I am not in the light, so to say, not in full realization, but if I know the direction and if I tell others ‘that is the way’ – that’s a relevant help.

Yet again, we have to be careful and we have to be fortunate. Because a real leader of a squadron will say: “Follow me!” While the big generals, sitting in their defence system, will say: “Go forward!” So, select proper.

But serving others, helping others in their spiritual life – this is a very glorious service. And this is the best fulfillment – if I see the progress of others. Maybe I don’t feel big progress in myself, but if I see how much more complete the life of another person has become due to the spiritual practice, this can pacify my heart. Therefore we have to study thoroughly the philosophy to understand the system, and also we have to practice in a very much focused way. And basically speak about your realizations. This is the way to avoid fanaticism: study thoroughly, and speak about your realizations, what you have obtained already.

But you should know the direction. Perfection exists, there is the Supreme Lord, the source of everything, where we can return, and we have the process to achieve our spiritual ideals. So, it’s simple. There is a goal, there is a path and there are you. Put this structure together.


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